The Alpha Dragon is the individual in the dragon community with the highest known rank. The role of Alpha is often won by combat, sometimes to the death, but not necessarily. The winner of the battle will win both the rank of Alpha and the loyalty of all dragon kind. Sometimes, if the current Alpha dies a natural death, then the position passes on to its offspring, if any. The Alpha's natural duty is to protect all dragons and guarantee the peace among them, thus it is a very important role for the survival of dragon kind. Unfortunately, this role can be seriously abused as seen in the events caused by the Drago's Bewilderbeast.
Role and Power
The Alpha has been seen providing food, protection and peace for other dragons. Because the role of Alpha is won by combat, it seems very likely that Alphas are almost always massive dragons, with Toothless being an incredibly unlikely case. The Bewilderbeast has been referred to as the Alpha species, and this may be due to the fact that their size and natural hypnotic ability leads to them often rising to that rank. An Alpha holds the ability to very strongly manipulate the wills of other dragons. Valka's Bewilderbeast used this ability sparingly, while Drago Bludvist abused it. Drago even say that no dragons can resist an Alpha's command. The only exception to this are baby dragons because their senses aren't fully developed yet so they can't hear or feel the Alpha power. A way a dragon can become exempt from this control is by challenging the Alpha to mortal combat, if the dragon is too frenzied to listen like the Silkspanners in Dragonvine or to be already mind controlled like Grimmel's Deathgrippers. Toothless was also able to overcome the Alpha control thanks to his unique bond with Hiccup, yet this seems to be quite an exception.
The rank of Alpha is one of the most powerful and deadly forces in the dragon world. It is shown that even dragons who live far away from the Alpha and wouldn't have known that the dragon in question was the Alpha are affected by the position, as the sea dragons and Foreverwings in The Serpent's Heir, obeyed Toothless, even though they were nowhere near Berk and wouldn't have known that he became Alpha but dragons can sense things like Hiccup later says so it is more likely that dragons can sense when they are in presence of the Alpha and it is their instinct to listen to him. The third movie and corresponding Art book reveal that all dragons follow their Alpha to the point where a lot of them came to Berk to pay their respect to Toothless and never left after. The movie also show that Toothless, even through he can't control minds like a Bewilderbeast, can force dragons to obey him without needing to be in Alpha mode. He is even accepted as the one and only king to which all dragons bows in the Hidden World.
List of Alphas
Lost position to Toothless (alive; resides in the Hidden World).
Lost position to Drago's Bewilderbeast (deceased).
- The trance that an Alpha can put other dragons under strongly resembles the Red Rage found in the later How To Train Your Dragon book series.
- The Red Death has a similar natural ability to force dragons to its will, seen when it used to force dragons to bring it a constant supply of food.
- It isn't clearly said but there seems to be different ranks in the dragon's community below the one of Alpha. In the second movie, Valka explains that each nest has it's queen (like the Red Death of the first movie) and in the Race to the edge series, the dragons riders meet several small packs of dragons who listen to a leader (like the Speed Stingers, the wild dragons from Edge of Disaster, Part 2 and the Grim Gnashers).